Today the US Supreme Court issued a 4 to 4 split decision in the long-awaited case, United States v. Texas, effectively upholding the lower court’s injunction halting the expansion of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and the creation of a new program called Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA). The original DACA program launched in 2012 remains in place. This one-sentence decision is a major blow to the executive actions President Obama proposed in November 2014 as a result of congressional inaction on comprehensive immigration reform. The decision will potentially affect as many as five million undocumented immigrants who would have been shielded from deportation and allowed to legally work in the United States had these programs been allowed to proceed.
President Obama, speaking at the White House, criticized the 4 to 4 tie. “But for more than two decades now, our immigration system, everybody acknowledges, has been broken. And the fact that the Supreme Court wasn’t able to issue a decision today doesn’t just set the system back even further, it takes us further from the country that we aspire to be.” After Obama announced his executive actions in 2014, Texas and twenty-five other states challenged the plans, which were subsequently blocked in federal district court the next year. “Today’s decision keeps in place what we have maintained from the very start: one person, even a president, cannot unilaterally change the law,” Ken Paxton, the Texas attorney general, says in an issued statement. “This is a major setback to President Obama’s attempts to expand executive power, and a victory for those who believe in the separation of powers and the rule of law.”
Steve Vladeck, CNN contributor and professor of law at American University Washington College of Law, says the decision illustrates how handicapped the Supreme Court is when it’s not fully staffed, referring to the death of Justice Antonin Scalia earlier this year. The Supreme Court will not be able to issue an official ruling on the case until a ninth judge is confirmed. Vladeck tells CNN: "Although proponents of President Obama's immigration plan might prefer this result to a 5-4 loss, which would have set a nationwide precedent, rulings like these create uncertainty for the courts and the country going forward—uncertainty that, at the end of the day, puts more pressure on the political branches and dilutes the role of the Supreme Court."
This decision is a disappointment to many activists who have been campaigning for comprehensive immigration reform for years. Summarizing the frustrations that many feel, Victor Nieblas Pradis, president of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA), says: "In another blow, the Supreme Court has denied the opportunity for parents of United States citizens and students to seek refuge and protection from a dysfunctional immigration system that is broken and apparently unfixable by our elected leaders.” And Benjamin Johnson, AILA Executive Director, adds: “Though today's decision is disappointing, we must remember that this is not the end of the road for these incredibly important programs. The lower courts will continue to consider the case and ultimately, I would not be surprised if it ends up before the Supreme Court once again. In the meantime, Congress must do its job and pass smart immigration laws that will keep families united, benefit the economy, and propel our country forward.”